Genesis 3:5, often cited in the context of Mormon beliefs regarding the potential for humans to achieve godhood, presents a profound interpretative challenge. This article aims to critically examine this interpretation and offer a biblically sound understanding of the verse.
The Mormon Interpretation of Genesis 3:5
Understanding the Claim
Mormon Belief: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) holds that humans have the potential to become like God. This belief is often linked to Genesis 3:5, where the serpent tells Eve, “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
Contrast with Mainstream Christian Doctrine: Mainstream Christianity does not endorse the concept of humans achieving godhood. This interpretation is seen as a deviation from orthodox Christian teachings about the nature of God and humanity.
Analyzing Genesis 3:5 in Its Biblical Context
The Immediate Context: The Fall
Narrative Analysis: Genesis 3 narrates the temptation and fall of Adam and Eve. The serpent’s statement in verse 5 is part of the deception leading to the first sin.
The Serpent’s Deception: The serpent’s words were a distortion of God’s command in Genesis 2:17. The promise of being “like God” was a lure away from obedience to God.
Linguistic and Grammatical Considerations
Hebrew Language Analysis: The Hebrew term for “God” (אֱלֹהִים, Elohim) in this context refers to the Supreme Being, and the phrase “like God” suggests an aspiration to divine status or knowledge.
Understanding 'Knowing Good and Evil': The phrase “knowing good and evil” signifies moral discernment, which is an attribute of God, but it does not imply equality with God.
RECOMMENDED READING: ANSWERING THE CRITICS: Defending God's Word Against Modern Skepticism
Theological Examination of Human Divinity
Biblical Teachings on the Nature of Humanity
Imago Dei: Humans are created in the image of God (Genesis 1:27), which confers dignity and moral responsibility, but not divinity.
Distinction Between Creator and Creation: Scripture consistently maintains a clear distinction between God as the eternal Creator and humans as finite creatures.
The Danger of the Serpent’s Promise
The Fallacy of the Serpent's Temptation: The serpent's promise was a misrepresentation, leading to disobedience and the Fall, not to divinity.
Consequences of the Fall: The outcome of Adam and Eve’s action was alienation from God, not elevation to godhood.
Refuting the Claim of Achieving Godhood
Scriptural Evidence Against Human Divinity
Isaiah 43:10 and 44:6: These verses affirm that there is only one God, and none other will be formed.
1 Timothy 2:5: This verse reiterates the singular nature of God and distinguishes between God and humans.
The Role of Christ: Jesus Christ, fully God and fully human, bridges the gap between humanity and God. Salvation and sanctification make humans partakers of the divine nature (2 Peter 1:4), but not divine beings themselves.
Theosis in Christian Thought: The concept of theosis or deification in Eastern Orthodox Christianity refers to union with God’s energies, not essence, emphasizing participation in God’s life, not attainment of His nature.
RECOMMENDED READING: BIBLICAL APOCALYPTICS HANDBOOK: A Study of the Most Important Revelations
Summarizing the Biblical Interpretation
Genesis 3:5, when interpreted in its historical, linguistic, and theological context, does not support the idea that humans can become gods. Instead, it reflects the tragic deception that led to humanity’s fall and the need for redemption through Jesus Christ.
The misinterpretation of Genesis 3:5 as endorsing the potential for human divinity represents a significant deviation from orthodox Christian theology. Correctly understanding this scripture is crucial for maintaining the fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith, which emphasize the uniqueness and supremacy of God and the redemptive role of Jesus Christ for fallen humanity.
About the Author
EDWARD D. ANDREWS (AS in Criminal Justice, BS in Religion, MA in Biblical Studies, and MDiv in Theology) is CEO and President of Christian Publishing House. He has authored over 220+ books. In addition, Andrews is the Chief Translator of the Updated American Standard Version (UASV).